Reluctant America Will Join
the Grand Alliance
Since the 1970’s
the economic power of China,
based on a system of “authoritarian capitalism,?has grown immensely and now
stands to outpace the rest of the world in just several decades.?Although the global structure of nations is
subject to change over time, the reigning superpower may not always been a
“benign?hegemon, like the United
would fit into the other category if it took over the international system and
would not be a benevolent international leader.?
The solution, proposed by Carlo Pelanda’s book
The Grand Alliance, is an alliance
comprised of the world’s most powerful democracies to pool their economic and
military resources. ?A Grand alliance
among the world's powerful democracies, including the United States, the
European Union and the large Asian democracies, Russia, Japan, and India.?All of these countries come together to pose
the ultimate counterbalance to China
and together govern the international system through the principles of fair
trade and democratic capitalism.?
However, the first step is to integrate the EU and the US and this is not an easy
task.?This is certainly not a guaranteed
from the European side and neither from the American.?There are many obstacles in the way impeding
the first step of the process into the Grand Alliance.?However, after the US realizes that the Grand Alliance
is in its self-interest it will join, but not for some time.
obstacle in the way of the United
States joining the Grand Alliance is that its
democratic system is inherently reactionary and based on consensus.?Unless a significant event occurs that
adversely affects the interests and well-being of Americans, it is unlikely
that the country will come together and support a large-scale alliance.?Even though joining an alliance isn’t as
important as fighting in a war on the surface, it is just as significant an
action because it affects the security and stability of the nation through
economic, technological, and global cooperation.?A strong example of the lack of American
action towards decisions is the Kyoto Protocol. Because the proof of climate
change by emissions is not immediately visible, the economic costs outweigh the
potential environmental benefits of the treaty to the US.?If there visible, adverse signs of climate change
become more frequent it is more likely that the United States would react by
allying with other powers to solve the problem.?
Although the President in the U.S.
system has more executive power than the leaders of the democracies of Europe, he or she alone will not be able to commit
the country to such an alliance.?Only an
autocracy or dictatorship could carry out such an approach where the opinions
of the citizens have little or no merit.?
Politicians in every branch of government are accountable to their
constituents in a democracy, which makes these representatives less likely to
act rashly without first considering the opinions of those in their
district.?With the balance of Congress
reviewing executive decisions, it is unlikely that quick passage of a proposal
to formally join such an alliance would occur.
in the way of American joining the Grand Alliance is American public
opinion.?Becoming a member of such an
alliance is not likely because of the protectionist ideas spreading across the
nation.?Another example of American
public opinion regarding alliances is the failure to ratify the Kyoto Protocol.?This treaty was unpopular with the American
public because undeveloped countries would receive breaks and developed
countries would suffer economic losses due to the harsher standards and penalties
on these countries.?The Kyoto Agreement
did not garner much support from the American public because it was economically
harmful to America.?In a similar way, many Americans were opposed
to NAFTA (North America Free Trade Agreement) because of predictions that state
sovereignty would be compromised and the U.S. would lose economic
advantages.?Even though this proved not
to be the case, many people opposed being a member of a regional organization of
which the United States would not being the guiding power.?The United Nations is yet another example of
an organization of which the some Americans do not strongly approve.?They believe that this organization does not
ultimately help the U.S.
while giving up state sovereignty in the process. The American people are wary
of joining alliances and their support is ultimately necessary. ?
feeling increasingly isolationist because of the actions and consequences
involving President Bush’s “War on Terror.?span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>?
Although the idea of fighting terrorism globally is a noble cause, the
costs of doing this unilaterally are immense, making the task nearly impossible.?With the perceived failure of U.S. intervention in Iraq, a feeling of isolationism is
creeping into the American psyche.?This
type of feeling of protectionism and isolationism has occurred in periods
throughout American history, most recently the period during the latter stages
of the Vietnam War.?This Iraq war has
caused Americans to look inward to focus on domestic issues and try to ignore
the world around them.?However,
globalization is too powerful of a force to allow this to occur.?The U.S. is bound to other countries
through a myriad of channels and it is too late to even consider only domestic
matters alone.?This does not stop some
political candidates and elected officials from taking some of this public
opinion and reaffirming it by spinning it to support their campaign.?Based on these previous examples the U.S. will not
be easily into joining the Grand Alliance.?
for the U.S. joining the
Grand Alliance is whether America
would realistically take part in such an alliance where they were not the
“first among equals.?span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>?Because of its
position as the preeminent Western power since the end of WWII, the U.S. would have
serious qualms about not being in charge of the alliance.?The U.S. has had a leadership role and
a strong voice in every Western alliance since Bretton
Woods.?This includes NATO and the UN.?The US
also led many military coalitions, especially post-Cold War, including the
first Gulf War, Bosnia, and Afghanistan.?American diplomats see their solutions as
superior to those of other countries; however, in the Grand Alliance the roles are
designed to be equal in nature, presenting a dilemma for the US
significant roadblock for the US
becoming a member of the Grand Alliance is seeing the world as it really is and
seeking truth from facts.?After the Iraq
War, which the US
entered without UN support, many in the international community were outraged
and saw this as another example of American attempts at Imperialism.?Even President Bush has implied that the US
is not the extreme hegemon anymore by admitting the projecting US force in both
Iraq and Afghanistan has overextend the nation’s capabilities. The American
people know their armed forces are spread too thin; however, they do not know
all the facts about the possible sharp decline America and those consequences. The
US is still a powerful
country, but it is being seriously challenged by the developing economies of China, India, and the formation of
there is idle talk of the challenge China poses to both American and
global security, it is not seriously discussed.?
To realistically convince the United States to join the Grand
Alliance, China needs to be seen as a security threat, not only a lucrative
trading partner and a mass producer of cheap goods.?Americans are in favor of capitalism and free
trade and utilizing foreign markets to gain capital and grow the U.S.
economy.?For these reasons, many US citizens may be blind to the fact that China is really
a threat instead of simply an economic partner.?
There is no incentive to alter the current stability in trade amongst
the countries.?Such action might greatly
affect the international market as a whole, possibly sending the system in a
downward spiral.?Even though most of the
business world knows that China’s
authoritarian government operates on contrived exchange rates and speculation, their
relationship is currently profitable for their businesses and they do not wish
to change this dynamic. They fail to see the economic and strategic threat of China’s rising
power because the Chinese are not blatantly aggressive about it.?
even with all these factors working against the US joining the Grand Alliance, I
believe that they will join, just not soon.?
While all of the obstacles together present a strong roadblock, the
interests and security of the US
will be the country’s main concern.?Once
it becomes more evident that US
stability that US stability
truly is threatened by a rising China,
will do everything in its power to reverse this process.?The most rational approach to do this is to
counterbalance China with an
alliance, creating a bloc that is bigger than China.?Although the US
military is currently the most superior in the world, China is improving and is on schedule to surpass
economically and militarily in several decades.?
When this becomes clearer, the US
will not strike China
militarily, rather it will join the powerful democracies to counterbalance China
and to dominate the global system.
order to convince the US to
join the Grand Alliance it is essential that the people know that joining this
alliance is in America’s
best interest.?First it is important to
convince elites and large corporations that this is a lucrative plan and that the
benefits outweigh.?This idea would then
trickle down through society, largely carried by the media.?This would certainly be a slow process, but
it can work.?In reality, the US is
already a successful participant in alliances, even though in the Grand
Alliance they would be not be the only leader.?It is very important to portray that global
stability is in America’s
best interest and a rising China
is a huge threat to this.
China’s power rising, the United States will eventually ally with Europe to start the beginnings of the Grand
Alliance.?Even though they will overcome
these domestic obstacles, the timeframe is not short.?Certain actions need to be set in motion by
other governments and influential elites to convince America, but they will see what is
in their best interest and eventually gain consensus to join the Grand
Alliance.?With the first two parts of
the Grand Alliance complete, the even more difficult task of allying with Russia, Japan,
still will await.